Alphabetical Test listing

INSM1-NE by IHC-12376 - Technical only; 12379 - Technical & Interpretation

12376 - Technical only
12379 - Technical & Interpretation
Insulinoma-associated 1
  • INSM1 is positive in neuroendocrine tumors and in normal adult neuroendocrine tissues and developing neurons.
  • INSM1 positivity has been described in the following neoplasms:
    • CNS tumors: Pituitary adenoma, central neurocytoma, medulloblastoma, glioblastoma, pineal parenchymal tumor
    • Endocrine: Adrenal pheochromocytoma, paraganglioma, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, and neuroblastoma
    • Gastrointestinal tract: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (100%) and gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors (100%)
    • Lung: Small cell carcinoma (95%), large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (90%), typical and atypical carcinoid (100%). Weak or focal positivity has been reported in lung adenocarcinomas (3%) and squamous cell carcinomas (4%).
    • Skin: Merkel cell carcinoma (93%), endocrine mucin producing sweat gland carcinoma
    • Soft tissue tumors: Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (90%), chordoma (10%), soft tissue myoepithelioma (5%), ossifying fibromyxoid tumor (30%), and Ewings sarcoma (30%)
  • INSM1 positivity has been reported in the following in tumors with neuroendocrine differentiation: Breast adenocarcinoma, colonic adenocarcinoma, endometrioid carcinoma, and prostate adenocarcinoma
  • INSM1 is positive in the following normal tissues: Adrenal medulla, enterochromaffin cells, islet cells, C cells of the thyroid, pineal gland, pituitary gland, and in neurons in early development


1. Ames HM et al. INSM1 expression is frequent in primary central nervous system neoplasms but not in the adult brain parenchyma. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2018;77(5):374-382.

2. Fujino K et al. INSM1 is the best marker for the diagnosis of neuroendocrine tumors: comparison with CGA, SYP and CD56. Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2017;10(5):5393-5405.

3. Lilo MT et al. INSM1 is more sensitive and interpretable than conventional immunohistochemical stains used to diagnose merkel cell carcinoma. Am J Surg Pathol 2018;42(11):1541-1548.

4. Rosenbaum JN et al. A novel immunohistochemical and molecular marker for neuroendocrine and neuroepithelial neoplasms. Am J Clin Pathol 2015;144:579-591.

5. Rooper LM et al. INSM1 demonstrates superior performance to individual and combined use of synaptophysin, chromogranin and CD56 for diagnosing neuroendocrine tumors of the thoracic cavity. Am J Surg Pathol 2017;41(11):1561-1569.

6. Yoshinda et al. INSM1 expression and its diagnostic significance in extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma. Mod Pathol 2018;31:744-752.


Submit processed tissue block


Formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue block.


Ambient (preferred)

AHL - Immunohistochemistry
Mo - Fr
1 - 2 days

Immunohistochemical staining

Microscopic examination


If requested, an interpretive report will be provided


All IHC stains will include a positive control tissue on each slide.


Zinc finger transcription factor involved in development of normal neuroendocrine cells throughout the body and involved in tumor neuroendocrine differentiation. 

Staining pattern:

  • Nuclear
88342 - 1st stain
88341 - each additional stain