Hepatocyte paraffin 1 by IHC

Alphabetical Test listing

Hepatocyte paraffin 1 by IHC-12376 - Technical only, 12379 - Technical & interpretation

  
Hepatocyte paraffin 1 by IHC
  
12376 - Technical only, 12379 - Technical & interpretation
  
LAB12376
LAB12379
  
HEP PAR1
  
  • All IHC stains will include a positive control tissue
  
  • HepPar 1 is useful in a panel to determine hepatocellular carcinoma (HC) from cholangiocarcinoma (CC) and metastatic carcinoma
  • HepPar 1 is also useful in identifying hepato-blastomas (fetal-type hepato-blastomas generally show more staining than embryonal-type)
  • Some studies have shown decreased immunoreactivity with HepPar 1 in relationship to reduced differentiation of HCC
  • Focal HepPar 1 immunoreactivity has also been reported in extrahepatic hepatoid adenocarcinomas, so positive staining is not limited to primary liver neoplasms(staining also has been seen in some neuroendocrine carcinomas, gastric, esophageal, lung and ovarian carcinomas)
  • HepPar 1 staining may be variable in HCC; thus, needle biopsies of liver may give false negative results
  • HepPar 1 can be seen in most esophageal and gastric carcinomas
  
Tissue
  

Submit a formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue

  

Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue block

  

FFPE tissue section mounted on a charged, unstained slide

  

Ambient (preferred)

  
  • Unlabeled/mislabeled block
  • Insufficient tissue
  • Slides broken beyond repair
  
AHL - Immunohistochemistry
  
Mo - Fr
  
1 - 2 days
  

Immunohistochemical staining and microscopic examination

  

If requested, an interpretive report will be provided

  

Specifications

  • HepPar 1 is an antibody that reacts with a hepatocyte-specific epitope (currently the target antigen is unknown - possibly mitochondrial associated)
  • HepPar 1 reacts with both benign and malignant liver
  • HepPar 1 staining rarely has been reported in cholangiocarcinomas and has been reported in mixed HCC/CC

Staining pattern

  • Granular cytoplasmic

References

  1. Minervini MI et al: Utilization of hepatocyte-specific antibody in the immunocytochemical evaluation of liver tumors. Mod Pathol 1997;10(7):686-692.
  2. Kumagai I et al: Immunoreactivity to monoclonal antibody, HepPar 1 in human HCC according to the histopathological grade and histological patter. Hepatol Res 2001 Jul;20(3):312-319.
  3. Maitra A et al: Immunoreactivity for hepatocyte paraffin 1 antibody in hepatoid adenocarcinomas of the gastrointestinal tract. Am J Clin Pathol 2001 May;114(5): 689-94.
  4. Leong As et al: HepPar 1 and selected antibodies in the immunohistological distinction of MCC from CC, combined tumors and metastatic carcinoma. Histopathology 1998 Oct;33(4):318-24.
  5. Fasano M et al: Immunohistochemical evaluation of hepato-blastomas with use of the hepatocyte-specific marker, HepPar 1, and the polyclonal anti-CEA. Mod Pathol 1998;11(10):934-938.
  6. Kakar et al: Immunoreactivity of HepPar 1 in hepatic and extrahepatic tumors and its correlation with albumin in situ hybridization in HCC. Am J Clin Pathol 2003; 119: 361-366.
  7. Lamps LW et al: The diagnostic value of Hepatocyte Paraffin Antibody 1 in Differentiating Hepatocellular Neoplasms from Non-hepatic Tumors: A Review. Adv Anat Pathol 2003 10; 1; 39-43.
  
88342 - 1st stain
88341 - each additional stain
  
07/03/2017
  
10/19/2018
  
10/02/2020